UDOT TRACTION LAW //
What is the “Traction Law” and what are “Traction Devices”?
The Traction Law is Utah’s administrative rule (R20-6) that the Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) and law enforcement implements during severe winter driving conditions. It is important to ensure that you have traction devices appropriate for winter driving conditions, snow-worthy tires or chains are not just for your safety, it is the rule of the road. Traction devices are required during severe winter weather conditions on roads throughout Utah, including Big and Little Cottonwood Canyons.
AWD/4WD: M + S or M/S tires is the minimum requirement. Traction devices such as chains or 3 peak mountain snowflake (3PMSF) tires are also acceptable.
2WD: 3 peak mountain snowflake (3PMSF) tires (on all four tires) is the minimum requirement. Traction devices such as chains are also acceptable.
TRACTION LAW FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
When road surface conditions warrant, as determined by UDOT, UHP or designated local law enforcement agency, no vehicle will be allowed or permitted the use of the highway unless:
(a) For Class I Traction Segments, vehicles over 12,000 GVW shall be traction device equipped, and
(b) for Class II Traction Segments, all vehicles shall be traction device equipped or four-wheel drive as defined in this rule.
Travelers are notified when traction devices are required via road signs and UDOT's traveler information systems.
(1) The decision to require traction devices is made by UDOT, UHP or a designated local law enforcement agency. The agency deciding to require traction devices notifies the other agencies involved.
(2) UHP and/or a designated local law enforcement agency enforces the traction device requirements.
(3) UDOT communicates traction device requirements to the public.
(4) Personnel authorized to enforce this rule may permit vehicles that do not meet traction device requirements to travel a traction segment of the highway if authorized personnel believe they may do so without endangering public safety, creating a hazard, or interfering with highway maintenance operations.
When chains are installed and driven on dry roads, it can damage both the vehicles and the road. Having chains on when the roads are dry also makes it difficult for drivers to steer and travel at posted speed limits.
Law enforcement agencies have to balance available resources and operational needs. All agencies need to respond to in-canyon incidents, have coverage areas beyond the canyons, and are actively assisting travelers throughout the day, regardless of conditions.
Coordination is ongoing among all agencies to address staffing/resources to enable more frequent tire checks at the base.
Poor tire tread for snow, driver difficulty in navigating winter conditions and speed also contribute to slide offs/cashes. It is critical that all travelers (even the locals) have confidence in their winter driving abilities. If you don’t, we recommend trying out the ski bus instead of white-knuckling it.
These tires perform better than all-season tires on snowy, slippery roads and low temperature or freezing roads. This is accomplished by a different rubber compound that provides more grip on snow and on cold pavement than an all-season tire.
The M+S rating means that a tire has better mud/snow traction than a summer tire, but the rating doesn’t reflect traction for wet, soupy mud, slush, ice, fresh snow or even cold, dry pavement. Most all-season tires do not qualify for the 3PMSF symbol because the tread rubber in all-season and summer tires become hard at temperatures below 40 F.
Per Utah code, 2/32 is the minimum tire tread depth needed for all roadways. The tread depth requirement for the sticker program exceeds that with a minimum requirement of 5/32.
- Finding out mid-canyon on a powder day that you don’t have enough traction on your tires is too late and we want to prevent that.
- Drivers are encouraged to take responsibility for preparing their vehicles for winter driving conditions prior to traveling to the canyons.
- High participation in the program means we know more vehicles are prepared.
- Better prepared vehicles and drivers help public transit function more efficiently if there are fewer crashes, slide offs and struggling vehicles causing delays.
- Don’t be the person with bald tires making the ski buses & shuttles run late.
- Getting a sticker helps us better assess how many vehicles are properly equipped when road surface conditions warrant.
RENTING A VEHICLE FOR WINTER WEATHER DRIVING
Winter weather driving is challenging, especially in the Cottonwood Canyons (SR-190, SR-210). If you are visiting from out-of-town and renting a vehicle, check with the rental company to verify that your vehicle is equipped with four-wheel drive (4WD) or all-wheel drive (AWD) and the correct tires.
UDOT has partnered with Enterprise Rent-A-Car, Alamo, National and Budget out of the Salt Lake City Airport as well as Rugged Rental and Go Rentals for the UDOT Cottonwood Canyons Sticker Program to pre-inspect rental vehicle tires for the 2023/24 season.
If you choose one of these companies to rent a vehicle during your visit to Utah, look for a vehicle with a sticker on the inside of the front windshield – this is a vehicle that has been pre-inspected and meets Utah’s traction law requirements.
For reserving vehicles at the airport, contact Go-Rentals At Your Service at 1-800-464-8267 to get prequalified and you will be given steps on how and where to retrieve your rental vehicle at the SLC International Airport.
If you are arriving via private aircraft at any of the surrounding FBO’s, you can contact the Go-Rentals direct line at 801-893-9263, where they will enter the reservation in-house and meet your plane side upon arrival with your rental vehicle.
If you reserve any class of SUV or Pickup truck at a Budget of Utah location, customer service will help you identify a vehicle with the sticker at the time of rental.
Enterprise, Alamo, National:
Enterprise, Alamo and National provide the ability to reserve “Guaranteed AWD” car classes on their websites. If “Guaranteed AWD” vehicles are all reserved, this option will disappear from the available vehicle list. If it is not showing as available, then all cars with stickers are already reserved.
All Rugged Rental SUV and truck-type vehicles are within the UDOT winter regulations. In addition, anything that has *4WD* or *AWD* on the Rugged Rental website also meets the requirements of the sticker program and Utah’s traction law.